People are arriving empty-handed and in need of immediate assistance. 3. An outbreak of cholera reports unconfirmed, possibly exaggerated. Nyiragongo Volcano (Democratic Republic of Congo) He said continuing earthquakes caused by the settling of the area following the January 17 eruption of Mount Nyiragongo remained the only threat. Latest surveys also indicate that considerably less of the town was destroyed than originally feared, perhaps 40%, which in part explains the return of tens of thousands to reclaim their homes. In 2002, the Nyiragongo volcano in the Democratic Republic of the Congo erupted. A total of ~400 people suffered from injuries including burns. Nyiragongo Volcano (Democratic Republic of Congo) [46] The 17 January 2002 eruption of Nyiragongo represents an interesting case study in volcanology, as well as perhaps an important evolutionary step in the history of the volcano. Saturday 26th January 2002  Population Movements: The city population is increasing as displaced people return to Goma. There were reports of another volcanic eruption at Mount Nyimuragira, a neighbouring volcano (14 km northwest of Nyiragongo), that had erupted in February 2001. A survey by relief agencies determined that there were approximately 229,000 people in Goma on January 23. The eruption of Nyiragongo on 17/18 January 2002 led to a massive international response following the spontaneous and temporary evacuation of 400,000 people from the city of Goma located on the shore of Lake Kivu. Saturday 26th January 2002 The January 2002 eruption of Nyiragongo volcano was heralded by precursory phenomena detected since March 2001 by volcanologists of the GVO. Although the lava flow ended a few days after Jan. 17, it could recur at any time. Risks of further seismic activities and pollution of the air are of great concerns. In January 2002, fast-flowing basalt lava, (1,000 kilometres wide) poured out of Mount Nyiragongo and into the city of Goma. Several thousands of families are reported to have settled in Bukavu. They have distinctive characteristics and can have both positive and negative effects on people and the landscape. Residents of Goma were evacuated after the eruption was underway. Most fled to Goma, 30 miles south of the volcano, while hundreds of others tried to enter neighboring Rwanda, but were turned away by border guards. This is an area of many faults where the plates are being stretched as they move away from each other. 2. Nyiragongo, in the North Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of Congo, is one of the most dangerous volcanos in the world. The sky around Mount Nyiragongo began glowing red, and ash fell on the nearby town of Goma before dawn Thursday. Jacques Durieux, a volcanologist at the French Group for the Study of Active Volcanoes, said there were no indications of an imminent eruption and that all lava flows had stopped. were 2 meters high and 30 m wide. paths including, buildings, homes, and the port in Goma. Nyiragongo is the world’s largest lava lake with a diameter of 1.2 kilometers and a depth of 200m down. But because of poor communications, word never reached most residents. Continuing lava flows threaten fuel storage tanks at the airport. The eruption sparked a humanitarian crisis as refugees flooded into the town of Gisenyi, where they have no food or shelter. This preliminary alert targets 350,000 affected people and estimates are calculated on the basis that Goma population totals 400,000 inhabitants for a period of 7 to 15 days. Friday 18th January, 2002 Sporadic gunfire was heard in Goma as soldiers tried to prevent looting, but the lack of overall crowd control allowed others to break into shops along deserted streets and take what little was inside. It was estimated that Goma had a total population of between 400,000 - 500,000 before the volcano eruption. Moderate shocks continued late Tuesday, 22 January and Wednesday, 23 January. Goma Still at Risk Lava flows created fires in the commercial centre. Returnees will have to cope with a tide of steaming lava that plowed through the town, razing thousands of homes and killing dozens of people, and plunged into Lake Kivu. Goma served as an encampment for nearly a million refugees from the civil war in Rwanda. In Goma, residents scoured the hardened lava slabs for scorched sheets of corrugated iron for roofs for makeshift dwellings. This type of eruption would be more dangerous than either the 1977 or January 2002 events. Deaths: 45 (U.N.) Let's hope we don't make the same mistakes in the future. The volcanologists noted that one of the primary gases present, methane, does not accumulate in the air, but disperses gas detected in town could also be due to gas stations that were buried under the lava, or to digging taking place in lava, especially to open roads between the east and west of city. Exit Quiz. After observing the volcano on 21 January volcanologists stated, "The current phase of the active eruption is finished. Had the lava reached Lake Kivu, or seismic activity disrupted the lake, then dangerous levels of carbon dioxide and methane could have been released. Red Cross teams indicate a determination to remain at all costs. Mount Nyiragongo is located roughly 10 km (6 miles) north of the town of Goma, near the Congo’s border with Rwanda. government and news agencies that were received during the ongoing crisis. There were now fears that the lava could reach the nearby town of Goma, where nearly 500,000 people live." Many people had to move to overcrowded refugee camps. Jet Al fuel is available. Carbon dioxide levels are still a serious (and possibly deadly) issue in areas where winds do not disperse the released gases. However at the time of reporting, it officially remains closed but planes up to the size of a C 130 could land once permission is given. Electricity is available in most of western Goma and the commercial center. Two experts in volcanology and geochemistry are due to arrive in Rwanda tomorrow with water sampling devices, temperatures and acidity measurement equipment to provide technical assistance. 2100 businesses destroyed; Unemployment grew to 95% from 85%; Much of runway ruined due to lava ; Social. Steaming and high heat flow is present in the area. 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