They have different colors and small petals. Lupine hay remains toxic and has been reported to poison sheep. Seeds are utilized as pickles. Dickinson, T.; Metsger, D.; Bull, J.; & Dickinson, R. (2004). Lupine ‘My Castle Red’ Lupinus polyphyllus ‘My Castle Red’ is a beautiful all red strain of the popular ‘Russell’s Hybrid ‘ and is a lovely and unique addition to your garden! They are very hardy plants, surviving extreme temperatures withstanding frost to at least −25 °C (−13 °F) and the wild varieties can easily become invasive and hard to dispose of unless kept in check on a regular basis. To avoid restoration of alkaloid synthesis in cross-pollinated species of lupine, a new approach has been developed on the basis of specific crossing. A tall variety, growing over 30″-40″ tall it certainly makes a bold statement with it’s 10″-12″, brick red, flower spikes. On Lupin Beans and 'Sweet' Lupins. Lupinus Russell Hybrids. The herbaceous lupine, Lupinus polyphyllus, arrived in Britain from North America in the 1820s, brought over by David Douglas. This variety offers all the lupine colours in one package - purple, deep blue, red, pink, yellow, cream, and white. Do not panic though and go digging up your lupins immediately, very large quantities would have to be consumed in a short time period to cause more serious effects. The Russell Lupin, a horticultural hybrid (Lupinus arboreus x L. polyphyllus) was bred by George Russell in the early 20th century. Lupine hybrids: Hybrid lupines are the most ornamental of the garden lupines and offer fuller flower spikes and a multitude of color options. Lupine grows wild with over 100 species found west of the Rockies in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 4 to 9. Golden lupine (L. … The lupine is a perennial that blooms in early summer providing an array of many vibrant colors. The blue colouring is a recessive allele, and so although Russell might have worked hard to suppress it, lupines left unchecked over several generations will eventually revert to the old blues. [5], The templates created by Russell are still used by other specialist lupine horticulturalists today, e.g., Maurice and Brian Woodfield, nurserymen from Stratford-upon-Avon, who received the RHS Veitch Memorial Medal for their work on lupines in 2000. CAUTION: Harmful if eaten. He spent two decades single-handedly trying to breed the perfect lupine, crossing L. polyphyllus with L. arboreus, L. sulphureus and one or more annual species (maybe L. nootkatensis). The tall spires of Lupines are an unforgettable sight in the early summer border. [citation needed] The plant threatens indigenous species especially when it invades the braided river beds in the South Island.[14]. More common than direct toxicity, some lupine alkaloids produce birth defects in cattle if eaten during certain gestational times. The species is also toxic to livestock. Almost a century later, George Russell, a horticulturist from York, UK, started to breed the (later famous) Russell hybrids (Lupinus X russellii hort). This is a hybrid variety that will only reach 2 feet tall in height. 24/7 … Lupine . Lupine plants may be beautiful to look at, but can be toxic to animals, even in small doses. On being honored by the Royal Horticultural Society for his achievement, Mr. Russell stated that all the really crucial work had been done by the humble little bees in his garden. 1. Losses may be especially heavy when hungry sheep are trailed through lupine ranges in late summer. Mr. Russell gathered and used only the seeds of the best lupine plants that he … Lupinus Russell Hybrids loo-PY-nus Audio Russell hybrid lupines are widely available and available in myriad colors. 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