(used in singular or plural form) Persons in command; specifically. The elders of these groups possessed some influence, and tended to form an aristocracy, which took the lead in social life, although their authority generally depended merely upon custom. Thus apparently he asserted his authority, but in reality, being only thirteen years old, he was a mere puppet in the hands of one of the opposition factions, who wished to oust their rivals, and for the next four years the misgovernment of the nobles went on as before. in support of an opinion, action, etc. The grand khan was the lord paramount or suzerain of the Russian princes, and he had the force required for making his authority respected. Without his assent and blessing no important decisions were taken, all state documents emanating from the highest authority bore his signature, and he was regarded, both in the official world and by the xxru. - The history of Russia, especially that of the last few years, has formed the subject of a vast number of works, of very varying authority, in many languages. This work, and especially certain notes added by the translator, gave great offence to the advocates of unlimited papal authority, and three separate memorials were presented asking for its repression. Up to the year 1139 he follows closely the history written by his predecessor, Prior Richard; thenceforward he is an independent though not a very valuable authority. de Marignac, a noted worker in this field, delivered by Cleve, a high authority on this subject, before the London Chemical Society (J. In the first, the Periplus of the Outer Sea, in two books, in which he proposed to give a complete description of the coasts of the eastern and western oceans, his chief authority is Ptolemy; the distances from one point to another are given in stades, with the object of rendering the work easier for the ordinary student. The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. Where no statute applies to the case, the doctrines of the canon law may still be of authority. Hence the term is applied to states in which the supreme authority is vested in a single person, the monarch, who in his own right is the permanent head of the state. There are many types of fallacies that people often use in philosophical argumentation. Besides these, there are the religious heads of the community; especially the nakib and Jewish high priest, who possess an undefined and extensive authority in their own communities. Middle English rebellen from Old French rebeller from Latin rebellāre re-re-bellāre to make war (from bellum war) N., Middle English rebellious, rebel from Old French rebelle from Latin rebellis from rebellāre I didn't mean to sound like some kind of authority on the subject. Usually, when a lawyer finds such authority, he is under an ethical obligation to reveal it to the court, but it is done in such a way (for example, arguing that the decision in a previous case should be narrowly … Christians being released, in important particulars, from conformity to the Old Testament polity as a whole, a real difficulty attended the settlement of the limits and the immediate authority of the remainder, known vaguely as the moral law. The chief rabbi, who is the ecclesiastical head of the United Synagogue, has also a certain amount of authority over the provincial and colonial Jewries, but this is nominal rather than real. Very confusing — the person who In order to obey authority, the obeying person has to accept that it is legitimate (i.e. The mode of representation is always conventional, the treatment of the subject no less than its choice being dictated by an authority to which the artist was compelled to bow. The citation of a writing, decision, etc. The duty of collecting and weighing evidence for himself was at every turn impressed upon the boy; he was taught to accept no opinion on authority. From the Cambridge English Corpus Finally, in addition to reducing transaction costs, institutions establish the legitimacy and accountability of policy-makers. Many of them, beginning only with powers of recommendation, had obtained a large extension of authority. In his 1910 budget speech the minister of finance, Javid Bey, demanded authority to create a new aluminium coinage of 5, 10, 20 and 40 para pieces, of which he would issue, in the course of three years, a nominal amount of £T1,000,000 to those provinces in which there was a great scarcity of small coins. No Protestant, of course, can agree with Roman Catholic theology that (supernatural) faith is an obedient assent to church authority and the mysteries it dictates. release from ecclesiastical jurisdiction, and authority to become a secular priest. In this respect international arbitration differs from civil arbitration, since a private arbitrator cannot delegate his office without express authority. What does moral authority mean? The mayor is elected for two years and has the powers and authority in criminal cases of a justice of the peace. The powers of a dictator were a temporary revival of those of the kings; but there were some limitations to his authority. In 1784 John Wesley, in disregard of the authority of the Established Church, took the radical step of appointing the Rev. 48) speaks of was not a pastoral staff, but the symbol of authority over the papal palace, with which by its transference he was invested. Already Wycliffe had declared that " whatever book is in the Old Testament besides these twentyfive (Hebrew) shall be set among the apocrypha, that is, without authority or belief.". In the 15th century power was at last concentrated in the Baglioni family, who, though they had no legal position, defied all other authority. There were troubles at Tabor also, where a more advanced party opposed Zizka's authority. The Gild of the Holy Cross, founded in the 13th century for the support of poor priests and others, exercised great authority over the town for many years. 1 Indeed, the study of this memoir, limited though it be in scope, could not fail to convince any one that it proceeded from the mind of one who taught with the authority derived directly from original knowledge, and not from association with the scribes - a conviction that has become strengthened as, in a series of successive memoirs, the stores of more than twenty years' silent observation and unremitting research were unfolded, and, more than that, the hidden forces of the science of morphology were gradually brought to bear upon almost each subject that came under discussion. 3. It is a most valuable authority for the events of his own times. Until about 1840 the authority followed for its history was naturally the great work of William of Tyre. Definition of moral authority in the Definitions.net dictionary. The pastoral staff, as its name implies, symbolizes the pastoral office and authority, a symbolism already known to Isidore of Seville (De ecclesiast. Believers in law have put their trust in authority or logic; while believers in disposition chiefly look to our instinctive faculties - conscience, common-sense or sentiment. The authority of the City over the borough is now merely nominal. On the revival of the Western Empire, however, Charlemagne, in the beginning of the 9th century, under the mistaken belief that he was following the authority of Constantine I. Theodosius began the system of giving secular authority to Church tribunals. Disputes about vestments had expanded into a controversy over the whole field of Church government and authority, and Parker died on the 17th of May, 1575, lamenting that Puritan ideas of "governance" would "in conclusion undo the queen and all others that depended upon her.". That model is anti-democratic capitalism accompanied by heavy moralizing. In the past John had evidently stretched his authority and seized lands over which others had really the right of wardship. Because if you state your line of argument and w… capitalism in a sentence - Use "capitalism" in a sentence 1. For the Second Crusade the primary authority in the West is the work of Odo de Deuil, De profectione Ludovici VII regis Francorum in Orientem. He died on the 2nd of July 1816, having occupied his latter years in the composition and revision of an autobiography (published in 1817), which, with all its egotism and partiality, is a valuable work, and the chief authority for his life. Aquinas.) Deputies were given authority to make arrests. For a comprehensive use of the term "ecclesiastical writers" he has the authority of Jerome, who enumerates among them 4 such heresiarchs or leaders of schism as Tatian, Bardaisan, Novatus, Donatus, Photinus and Eunomius. It was, for the time, determined that the archbishop might himself, in virtue of his legatine authority, entertain complaints from other dioceses in first instance, but that this legatine jurisdiction was not included in the ordinary jurisdiction of his official principal, even if the archbishop had so willed it in his commission. He took precautions, however, against any of the dead or moribund principalities being resuscitated, and punished with merciless severity any attempt to resist or undermine his authority. In ethics he anticipated much of the teaching of Tolstoy; in doctrine he often appealed to the authority of Wycliffe; and in some of his views it is possible to trace the influence of the Waldenses. Biblical authorities for a moral argument. Only once during this period did the young tsar come forward and assert his authority. railway, and to work the line when completed without interference, it is essential that the authority of parliament should be obtained. At the head of the Church was a body of ten elders, elected by the synod; this synod consisted of all the ministers, and acted as the supreme legislative authority; and the bishops ruled in their respective dioceses, and had a share in the general oversight. After a royalist insurrection in 1655, a proclamation was issued announcing that persons suspected of Roman Catholicism would be required to take an oath abjuring the papal authority and transubstantiation. 2), though it is likely that Eusebius had no other authority than the works of Clement. The critical method which has since become almost a formal system, aiming at scientific certainty, was with him an unexampled power, based on the insight acquired from wide knowledge, which enabled him to judge the credibility of an author or the genuineness of an authority; but he has made it impossible for any one to attempt to write modern history except on the "narratives of eye-witnesses and the most genuine immediate documents" preserved in the archives. Sexual misconduct crimes include sexual activity between people in certain relationships, statutory rape, and other sexual offenses. During eight years (1806-1814) the chief places of the island had been garrisoned by British troops; and the commander of the force which upheld the tottering rule of Ferdinand at Palermo naturally had great authority. As a geometer he is classed by Eudemus, the greatest ancient authority, among those who "have enriched the science with original theorems, and given it a really sound arrangement.". In 1884 another treaty was signed by the king, confirming and extending French influence, and reducing the royal authority to a shadow, but in view of the discontent aroused by it, its provisions were not put in force till several years later. Most of them had power to impose schedules of maximum rates; practically all of them had authority to prescribe rates upon complaint of shippers; and they could all seek the aid of the courts to enforce their decrees. It runs: "And here it is to be noted that such ornaments of the church and of the ministers thereof at all times of their ministration shall be retained and be in use, as was in the Church of England by the authority of parliament in the second year of the reign of King Edward VI. A conclusive statement or decision that may be taken as a guide or precedent. He never lost an opportunity, whether in the pulpit or on the platform, of pressing on his hearers that the greatest future for Canada lay in unity with the rest of the British Empire; and his broad statesman-like judgment made him an authority which politicians of all parties were glad to consult. Its teaching as to the name of God, which claimed to be based on the authority of such eminent saints as St. She would favour them, but on the distinct condition that nothing was to be done to weaken the bonds of authority. about 14 9 0); but his earliest definite appearance in the records is as junior bursar of Magdalen College in 1498-1499, and senior bursar in 1 499150o, an office he was compelled to resign for applying funds to the completion of the great tower without sufficient authority (W. He thus superseded Warham, who was legatus flatus, in ecclesiastical authority; and though legates a latere were supposed to exercise only special and temporary powers, Wolsey secured the practical permanence of his office. Power assigned to another; authorization. click for more sentence… In the Geonic period there came into prominence the sect of the Karaites (Bene migra, " followers of the Scripture", the Protestants of Judaism, who rejected rabbinical authority, basing their doctrine and practice exclusively on The g P Y ICaraltes. The authorship of the writings ascribed to him in several biographical notices rests on no better authority than the apocryphal statements of Thomas Dempster. Even then he had begun to distrust the authority of tradition and his teachers. She was recognized as an authority on several subjects, especially on Russian coinage. ", Here it is used, in the limited sense defined by an American Court, as " the authority by which judicial officers take cognizance of and decide causes.". The real founder of the house, however, was Robert the Strong, who received from Charles the Bald, king of the Franks, the countships of Anjou and Blois, and who is sometimes called duke, as he exercised some military authority in the district between the Seine and the Loire. 24, 27 the lower figure is given on the authority of "the last words (or acts) of David.". resolved to resist this supremacy, though he did not dare openly to repudiate a very widespread doctrine considered by many to be the actual foundation of the authority of the popes before the schism. 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