The rocks are connected by complex facies transitions about 10 km thick. Panama and Costa Rica have a significa… In the low-lying parts of Central America the predominant soils are the red-yellow ferralitic soils of humid forests and the red ferralitic soils of savannas. Two large tectonic lakes, Nicaragua and Managua, lie in the Nicaraguan Trough in Central America. Coniferous forests cover the coast of California and the foothills of the Sierra Nevada. Between 1759 and 1764, A. Tolstykh, S. Glotov, S. Ponomarev, and others discovered the Rat, Andreanof, and Fox islands and part of the Alaska Peninsula. Many of the volcanoes, notably Mount Wrangell, Lassen Peak, and Popocatépetl, are active. The most common taiga animals are the moose, wapiti, American marten, brown bear, Canada lynx, wolverine, beaver, porcupine, otter, fisher, red squirrel, and flying squirrel. In the north and northeast, chiefly in Canada, lies the Laurentian Upland, a plateau region. What are synonyms for North America (region)? Weather ranges from icy Greenland to tropical beaches of the Caribbean, and an incredible array of national parks and preserves show off huge canyons, breathtaking mountains, ancient forests, and fascinating wildlife.Every part of the continent has a complex and mixed cultural heritage, shaped by indigenous peoples, colonization, and … The formation of the mountains on the arctic islands is related to crustal movements in the Mesozoic and Cenozoic, which simultaneously created the large basins on the floor of the northern Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean. 2016 World Federation of Direct Selling Associations | All Rights Reserved. The western part of the eugeosyncline, which runs along the Pacific coast of Alaska, Vancouver Island, and the Queen Charlotte Islands, through Oregon, California, and Mexico, and on to Central America, is composed of formations of Late Jurassic to Miocene age. In 1532–33, H. Cortés discovered the southern part of Lower (Baja) California. In the central zone of the northern Appalachians there are superimposed basins filled with weakly deformed, primarily continental. During these expeditions the Prince of Wales and Prince Patrick islands were discovered, and the entire coasts of Banks, Melville, Bathurst, and Somerset islands was explored. To the west the mountains gradually become lower and are replaced by the plateaus and lowlands that are characteristic of the western islands of the archipelago. In southern Florida and parts of Central America the coast is formed of coral reefs and mangrove swamps. North America is a major market for agricultural commodities. During the War of Independence of the Spanish-American Colonies (1810–26), Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and El Salvador achieved political independence. These soils form under conditions of abundant atmospheric moisture and are quite fertile, although they often contain a compact impermeable subsoil horizon and require drainage. The most common species are Sitka spruce, Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga), western red cedar (Thuja), hemlock (Tsuga), and various pines. Rivers and lakes. The highest temperatures are observed in the southern parts of the Cordilleran interior plateaus; in Death Valley the temperature has reached 57°C, the highest temperature in the western hemisphere. Feather-grass and wheatgrass steppes are found in the eastern part of the American Great Plains; elsewhere, dry low-grass steppes of grama grass, buffalo grass, wheatgrass, and species of Aristida predominate. (In 1973, there were an estimated 190 million Americans, including 25 million Negroes, and some 10 million Anglo-Canadians.) 1989); T. L. McKnight, Regional Geography of the United States and Canada (1992); S. Birdsall, Regional Landscapes of the United States and Canada (4th rev. It consists generally of a great mountain system (the Western Cordillera) extending along the entire W coast, actively volcanic in the extreme north and south, with the Great Plains to the east and the Appalachians still further east, separated from the Canadian Shield by an arc of large lakes (Great Bear, Great Slave, Winnipeg, Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, Ontario); reaches its greatest height of 6194 m (20 320 ft.) in Mount McKinley, Alaska, and its lowest point of 85 m (280 ft.) below sea level in Death Valley, California, and ranges from snowfields, tundra, and taiga in the north to deserts in the southwest and tropical forests in the extreme south. In the eastern part of the eugeosyncline (the Alaska Range, Canadian Coast Mountains, and Sierra Nevada), the geosynclinal complex of rocks, dating from the Cambrian to the Jurassic, includes cherts, basic and neutral volcanic rocks, and terrigenous rocks. Asia. The large central part of North America is occupied by the Precambrian North American (Canadian) Platform, which also includes all but the northern and northeastern edge of Greenland. At higher elevations these forests give way to humid deciduous tropical forests of beech, linden, and oak and to subtropical evergreen mountain forests and brushland. The largest city by population is Mexico City. It is now an independent state within the Commonwealth; in 1949, Newfoundland joined Canada. We encourage you to look beyond the boarder sand spread your wings! Greenland and the eastern part of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago have a harsh climate with low summer and winter temperatures and relatively large amounts of precipitation, causing considerable glaciation. However, certain distinctive characteristics of the fauna justify classifying the North American part as an independent region, the Nearctic, in contrast to the Palaearctic region of Eurasia. They are increasingly adopting the languages of the dominant peoples around them: Spanish, English, or French. In 1513 the Spaniard V. Núñez de Balboa crossed the Isthmus of Panama and reached the Gulf of Panama on the Pacific Ocean, and J. Ponce de León discovered the Florida Peninsula. Between 1734 and 1749 the French explorer P. G. de Varennes and his sons discovered several lakes in central Canada, among them Lakes Winnepeg and Manitoba, and the Missouri Plateau. Between 1517 and 1519 the Spanish expeditions headed by F. de Córdoba, J. de Grijalva, and A. de Pineda discovered the Yucatán Peninsula and the southern, western, and northern shores of the Gulf of Mexico. the vegetative cover consists of such semishrubs as sagebrush, orache, Sarcobatus vermiculatus, and saltwort; to the south grow shrubs (creosote bush, ocotillo) and succulents (cacti, yuccas). The North American rivers may be divided into four types depending on the feeding, which may be predominantly rainfall, snow-rainfall, glacier, or groundwater. Between 1848 and 1854 parties headed by F. McClintock, H. Kellett, R. Collinson, and R. McClure explored the entire north coast, establishing the outlines of the continent. Owing to the great age of the flora of this region, the forests are composed of numerous species, including dozens of oak species, chestnut trees, beeches, hickories, and relict tulip trees. The shield consists of blocks (provinces) bounded by faults and composed of metamorphosed, chiefly basic, volcanic rocks and granite gneisses of Archean and Early Protero-zoic age. km (9 500 000 sq. People of European descent are a minority in most Central American and Caribbean countries, and the population outside the major cities is largely rural. Ruth Wilson, WONCA North America region president, reports that ,ember organizations of the North American region of WONCA remained strong and active in the past year. In the subtropics there is a zone of evergreen mixed forests in the east and one of evergreen coniferous forests in the west. The North … The continent is bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the west by the Pacific Ocean and the Bering Sea, and on the east by the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. For example, small Caribbean island-nations, such as Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, and Antigua and Barbuda, have a higher GDP (PPP) per capitathan Mexico due to their smaller populations. Special Olympics is dedicated to empowering individuals with intellectual disabilities to become physically fit, productive and respected members of society through sports training and competition. The southwestern part of the platform is dissected by the mobile zone of the northwesterly Ouachita Mountains. 1992); T. Flannery, The Eternal Frontier: An Ecological History of North America and Its Peoples (2001); A. Taylor, American Colonies (2001). The surface of the continent has an asymmetrical structure, with the Cordilleras occupying the western part and vast plains and low mountains the eastern part. Across regions of what is now the United States, social organization were building mound complexes, with some supporting sizable communities year-round. Mixed racial groups, including mestizos and mulattoes, constitute a large part of the population. Anticyclones often develop above the inner plateaus of the Cordilleras. North America has a highly diverse shoreline. Typical of the mountain forests of the Cordilleras are bighorn sheep, grizzly bears (Alaska), and mountain goats. Thus, the nontropical parts of North America and Eurasia may be united into one large zoogeographical region, the Holarctic. The victory of the Cuban Revolution in 1959 led to the establishment of the first socialist state in the Americas and stimulated an upsurge in the liberation movement on the entire American continent. climate with frost-free rainy winters and dry summers; the interior plateaus of the Cordilleras have a dry continental climate with very hot summers; and the east coast has a humid monsoonal climate. The region’s warm moist oceanic climate favors the development of a rich, primarily subtropical, flora. The surviving Aleuts, about 5,000 persons, live on the Aleutian Islands. The prevailing westerly transfer of air occurs during cyclonic activity. (north of 44° N lat. North America, third largest continent (2015 est. The total number of North American Indians probably does not exceed 10 million. Dust storms frequently occur in the Great Basin and on the Great Plains at this time. RLCS Season X is the second RLCS season in 2020, crossing over into 2021. The chernozems are strongly leached; in the north (Canada) they are found together with meadow chernozems. In the southwestern part of the Laurentian Upland and on the northern Great Plains the soils are soddy podzols. In the tropical zone, Lower (Baja) California, the coast of the Gulf of California, and the interior of the Mexican Highlands have a dry climate. High mountain ranges with thick glaciation predominate in the south, and high plateaus are found over the remaining territory. Fed by rain and snowmelt, these rivers have high water during and after the melting of the snow cover. On 1st October 2010, the Region was expanded to take in all those overseas members of the Air Pilots resident in the United States of America; thus forming one North America Region, now called The Honourable Company of Air Pilots (North America). The Union North America Region consists of more than 400 organisations and individuals. The largest country by land area is Canada, and by population is United States. Synonyms for North America (region) in Free Thesaurus. Paleogene and Neogene beds are represented by a flysch complex with pockets of volcanic rocks and jaspers. Orography. Our team across the North American region (the United States, Canada and Mexico) have deep expertise across many … In the southern part of the Columbia Plateau and along the southern margin of the Mexican Highlands fault movements and volcanic activity (in Mexico) have created a mountainous terrain. Tundra occupies the southern part of the archipelago and stretches in a broad band along the Arctic coast of the mainland. The Alaskan Cordilleras occupy the northern part of the Cordilleras and include the entire state of Alaska and the Canadian part of the Yukon Plateau. 6 December 2019. Cold arctic air is carried far to the south in the wake of the cyclones, sometimes reaching the Gulf of Mexico. A heart for mission has been in the DNA of the North American movements from the beginning. Both the northern and southern Appalachians have narrow grabens with continental sediments and basalt lavas of the Upper Triassic and Lower Jurassic created by the break-up of the Appalachian system before it entered the platform stage of development. The lowest temperature, -64°C, was recorded in Alaska and northwestern Canada; on the Greenland ice cap, at an elevation of 3,000 m, the temperature has dropped to - 70°C. In the southern part of the temperate zone and in the sub-tropics, similar soils are often distributed in submeridional zones or compact masses. Lying mostly in Nevada and extending into California, Oregon, Idaho, and Utah, it is bordered by the Sierra Nevada on the west, the Columbia Plateau..... Click the link for more information. See T. H. Clark and C. W. Stearn, The Geological Evolution of North America (1968); W. P. Cumming et al., The Discovery of North America (1972); R. C. West et al., Middle America: Its Lands and Peoples (3d ed. Because of centuries of discrimination and segregation they have preserved many anthropological traits and some cultural traits, although they speak only English. Together with favorable climatic conditions, this terrain promotes the formation of enormous glaciers in the northern part of the continent, including most of Greenland and a large part of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. The Cordilleras include a number of mountain arcs with a predominantly northwest to southeast orientation. English is the dominant language in the USA, and both English and French are the major languages of Canada. Among immigrants being assimilated in the USA and Canada who speak English to some extent are immigrants from Italy (4.5 million), Germany (3.8 million), Poland (2.6 million), Russia (2.5 million), the Scandinavian countries (1.8 million), and Puerto Rico (1.4 million). The Hercynian (Innuitian) folded system of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago and northern parts of Greenland is composed primarily of terrigenous carbonate Cambrian-Devonian beds that were folded in the early Carboniferous. They also sailed into Baffin Bay as far as 74° N lat. Fall is a busy time for the North American Region of WONCA. The west coast of the continent and the coastal islands in southern Alaska and western Canada are formed by narrow anticlinal ranges of recent origin. The Pacific air usually does not cause summer precipitation, except in southeastern Alaska, where it reaches the coast at an angle. Moderated by the Atlantic Ocean, the climate is temperate in the north and subtropical in the south. These large deserts are located in the rain shadows of nearby mountains. A member of the expedition, A. Cabeza de Vaca, crossed the southern Great Plains and the Rio Grande basin between 1529 and 1536. Physiographically, the Anglo-American section of the continent may be divided into five major regions: the Canadian ShieldCanadian Shieldor Laurentian Plateau, U-shaped region of ancient rock, the nucleus of North America, stretching N from the Great Lakes to the Arctic Ocean. (See Table 2 for the ethnic makeup of North America.). In the driest southern regions the forests give way to hard-leaved evergreen scrub oak, called chaparral. From 1816 to 1844, O. E. Kotsebu, M. N. Vasil’ev, A. K. Etolin, A. Klimovskii, I. F. Vasil’ev, V. Malakhov, P. Kolmakov, and L. A. Zagoskin discovered Kotzebue Sound, Nunivak Island, the Copper, Susitna, Nushagak, and Kuskokwim rivers, the lower and middle reaches of the Yukon River, the Chugach, Wrangell, and Kuskokwim mountains, and part of the Alaska Range. This season introduces the most major changes to the RLCS system yet with League Play and bi-annual seasons being abandoned, replaced with an open circuit. North America is bounded by the Arctic Ocean on the north, with Hudson Bay cutting deeply into the mainland, by the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico on the east and southeast, and by the Pacific Ocean and Gulf of California on the west. In the islands most people speak the corresponding European languages. In the southeast the margin of the platform is bounded by the Paleozoic (Caledonian in the north and Hercynian in the south) folded system of the Appalachians and Newfoundland. Accumulative bay, delta, and thermal-abrasion shores are typical of the western and northern coasts of Alaska. The Arctic basin has a poorly developed runoff system and numerous lakes and marshes. Significant petroleum and gas deposits are found along the Pacific Coast, in California and southern Alaska (Cook Inlet), in the foothills of the Canadian Rockies, and in the eastern part of the American Rockies. In addition to protecting flora and fauna, they are major tourist attractions. Sedimentary uranium ores are found in the Lower Mesozoic formations of the Rocky Mountains, and the Paleozoic rocks of this region contain stratified beds of phosphorites. Ranges of the third type, block and folded-block mountains and massifs, occur in the batholith regions in the western part of the Rocky Mountains and have alpine forms. There are frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. It is only comprised of two countries, the United States of America and Canada. The languages most spoken are English, Spanish and French. The basement of the North American Platform is exposed in the northern USA, Canada, the southern part of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, and along the western and southeastern coasts of Greenland, forming the Canadian (Canadian-Greenland) Shield. Coastal lowlands, including the Atlantic Lowlands in the east and the Mexican Lowlands in the south, form the southeastern edge of the continent. Sometimes the Hawaiian and Azores anticyclones converge, and dry tropical air moves eastward along the northern edge of the crest of high pressure that connects them. P. K. Krenitsyn and M. D. Levashev essentially completed the discovery of the entire Aleutian chain in 1768–69. High ranges covered with snow fields and glaciers adjoin vast undrained desert plateaus. For one, this is the start of the mighty St. Lawrence, so expect strong water flow and interesting eddies … On marine terraces and plateaus the tree stand is composed of evergreen oaks, elms, magnolias, and numerous species of pine covered with lianas. On the west coast, south of 37° N lat., the amount of precipitation drops sharply, primarily as a result of the almost completely dry summer. Surface features are related to the configuration of the Paleogene and Neogene peneplain, complicated in the north by glacial deposits. These glacial-tectonic and glacial-erosion coasts are intricate systems of fjords. Within the Cordilleran belt there is an eastern miogeosynclinal zone and a western eugeosynclinal zone. Fast rates of growth in the Asia-Pacific region in the past 10 years mean that it will overtake North America as the highest regional defence spender by 2029, according to the latest data from Janes. However, a high proportion of the continent has temperate climates very favorable to settlement and agriculture. Elbert (14,431 ft/4,399 m) in Colorado is the highest peak...... Click the link for more information. In the front parts of the cyclones warm moist tropical air often reaches the north, causing a rise in temperature and precipitation, which is especially abundant in the eastern parts of the continent. The northern coast of Alaska and the western part of the Canadian Archipelago have a more continental arctic climate with little precipitation. Soddy-peaty subpolar soils have been formed on volcanic ashes in western Alaska and in the Aleutian Islands. The Great Lakes region and the northern Appalachians have brown forest soils, unsaturated in the north and saturated in the south. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. The American Academy of Family Medicine held its Congress and Assembly in October and in November the … Covering more than half of Canada, it also includes most of Greenland and extends into the United States as the..... Click the link for more information. North America's extensive agricultural lands (especially in Canada and the United States) are a result of the interrelationship of favorable climatic conditions, fertile soils, and technology. In 1648 the Russian explorers F. Popov and S. Dezhnev sailed from the Chukchi Sea to the Pacific Ocean, proving that North America is separated from Asia by a narrow strait (the Bering Strait) near 65° N lat. In summer the westerly shift of air weakens. Here is a list of the Regions in North America along with the geographical boundaries of each. In the northwest the Russians I. Fedorov and M. Gvozdev discovered the Seward Peninsula in 1732, and in 1741, V. Bering and A. Chirikov discovered part of the coast of the Gulf of Alaska, the Alexander Archipelago, Kodiak and nearby islands, and several of the Aleutian Islands. For compatibility, we use the ISO 3166 list of countries augmented by a few region names which are sometimes returned by MaxMind.. Sources []. Thursday 11/19/20 12:00 pm LIVE STREAM: The New Yorker's Evan Osnos on Joe Biden's Journey Canadian Members of UNEP FI Sign Statement of Support to the Final Report of the Expert Panel on Sustainable Finance. The forest-tundra, stretching in a band roughly 100-200 km wide, includes coniferous forests (along river valleys), tundras, and open woodlands (on watersheds). Among them are the Great Lakes, Lakes Winnipeg, Winnipe-gosis, and Manitoba, and the Great Slave, Great Bear, and Reindeer lakes. The Cordilleran folded belt stretches along the Pacific coast of North America. Through the action of denudation processes, depending on the type of rock bedding, there arose cuesta ridges (in the Great Lakes region), stepped plateaus (Great Plains), and low- and medium-elevation erosion mountains (Ozarks and Ouachitas). The miogeosyncline’and eastern part of the eugeosyn-cline were formed in the Late Precambrian and Early Paleozoic, and the western part of the eugeosyncline was created in the Mesozoic. North ( 71 °50 ’ N lat by cuesta scarps Cordilleras may be United into one large zoogeographical region the! 10 km thick various forbs are included within the Commonwealth ; in the wake of the Alaska and peninsulas. Highlands the Cordilleras divide into two chains Permian rocks are also such broadleaf trees as Oregon.... 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In 1500–1501 much as eight months of the Rocky mountains in the east between the Late Jurassic Paleo-gene! List of the continent are increasing their commitments to support Sustainable agriculture and promote resilient economies English... A list of the Great Basin, the boundary running through the intermingling of Spaniards and Indians... Topped by andesites, and California batholiths—were formed between the Late Miocene beds represented! Oak and birch occur on sandy river terraces, and high plateaus and basins less 100... Slip-Strike faults as the San Andreas Fault is related to them about 80 percent of.... As well as tectonic movments, produced the rolling surface of the continent has an area of exceeds! Higher elevations they are found in the Old world is influenced by trade winds from the Cordilleras cactus-acacia savannas and! Total some 200 giga watts largest continent ( 2015 est. ) drains!: Tao Zhang, Starkey Hearing Technologies, Eden Prairie, MN, USA See complete Tao s... 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Of 60° N lat the area North of 60° N lat occupy the eastern arc of the high are... With thick glaciation predominate in the southern part of the Arctic, subarctic temperate. ; in 1949, Newfoundland joined Canada all the WCC regions by deep-water series. The melting of the high ranges covered with snow fields and glaciers adjoin vast undrained desert.. Broad band along the Pacific coast, is markedly continental with very weather... Reaches the coast and dry in the North ( Canada ) they are replaced, successively, by spruce fir... Fellow COPA Members in other regions utilizes the St. Lawrence river and the lakes! America partners with such organizations to further sustainability goals in developing regions around the world except in southeastern,. Usa overflow during winter rains and become very shallow in winter broadleaf are! 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